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Which term refers to the tendency to attribute our own actions to attributing the actions of others to internal causes quizlet?

Which term refers to the tendency to attribute our own actions to attributing the actions of others to internal causes quizlet?

Actor-Observer Effect. refers to a tendency to attribute one’s own actions to external causes, while attributing other people’s behaviors to internal causes.

Which term describes the tendency to attribute the behavior of others to internal causes while attributing one’s own behavior to external causes?

The actor-observer bias explains the phenomenon of attributing other people’s behavior to internal factors while attributing our own behavior to external or situational forces, also known as the fundamental attribution error (Jones & Nisbett, 1971; Nisbett, Caputo, Legant, & Marecek, 1973; Choi & Nisbett, 1998).

What term refers to attributing our successes to ourselves and our failures to external factors?

Self-serving Bias. The tendency to attribute our successes to our own effort and abilities (internal factors) and our failures to external factors.

What is an example of external attribution?

In an external, or situational, attribution, people infer that a person’s behavior is due to situational factors. Example: Maria’s car breaks down on the freeway. If she believes that the breakdown happened because her car is old, she is making an external attribution.

What other name is often interchangeable with the fundamental attribution error?

The fundamental attribution error (also known as correspondence bias or over-attribution effect) is the tendency for people to over-emphasize dispositional, or personality-based explanations for behaviors observed in others while under-emphasizing situational explanations.

What is also considered during attribution according to Kelley?

Harold Kelley’s covariation model (1967, 1971, 1972, 1973) is an attribution theory in which people make causal inferences to explain why other people and ourselves behave in a certain way. Attributions are made based on three criteria: Consensus, Distinctiveness, and Consistency (Kelley, 1973).

What is the difference between consensus and consistency?

Consensus and consistency hypothesis. Kelley’s Covariation Model (Kelley, 1973) demonstrates that consensus (i.e., agreement by others about the attribution) and consistency (i.e., observing the same stimulus multiple times) help perceivers draw conclusions about a target’s behavior.

Which psychologist is responsible for developing attribution theory?

Fritz Heider developed models of attribution for both object perception and person per- ception. His theory of object perception (first described in Heider, 1920, his dissertation) is rarely cited today, but it serves as the foundation for his later theory of person perception.

What is social attribution?

In social psychology, attribution is the process of inferring the causes of events or behaviors. For example, over the course of a typical day, you probably make numerous attributions about your own behavior as well as that of the people around you.

Which phenomenon states that we have a tendency to make dispositional attributions for others behavior but situational attributions for our own behavior?

In social psychology, fundamental attribution error (FAE), also known as correspondence bias or attribution effect, is the tendency for people to under-emphasize situational explanations for an individual’s observed behavior while over-emphasizing dispositional and personality-based explanations for their behavior.

What is an example of Dispositionism?

For example, a dispositionist might explain bankruptcy as the largely self-inflicted result of personal laziness and/or imprudence. Situationists, in contrast, view bankruptcy as frequently caused by more complicated external forces, such as divorce or the medical and other costs of unanticipated illness.

When people blame a scapegoat How do you think they choose evidence to support the blame?

When people blame a scapegoat, how do you think they choose evidence to support the blame? One way in which they might do this is to selectively attend to information that would bolster their argument. Furthermore, they may actively seek out information to confirm their assertions.