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What are the major features of Indus cities?

Origin & Salient Features of Indus Valley Civilization

What were the houses made out of in the Indus Valley?

Most were built of fired and mortared brick; some incorporated sun-dried mud-brick and wooden superstructures. Sites were often raised, or built on man made hills. This could be to combat flooding in the nearby areas.

What are features that describe houses in cities of the Indus Valley?

Houses in the Indus cities. Wealthy Indus Valley families lived in comfortable houses built around courtyards. Stairs led to a flat roof where there was extra space to work and relax. Although there was not much furniture, the homes had wells for water and bathrooms with pipes that carried waste into the main drains.

  • The first common feature is Indus script on seals.
  • The second most important feature is town planning.
  • A fortified citadel at most of the cities.
  • Houses with kitchens and wells, tanks or water reservoirs.
  • Use of standard weights and measurement throughout the civilization.
  • Presence of wheel made pottery.

What characteristics did the Indus Valley have in common?

The Indus Valley Civilization contained more than 1,000 cities and settlements. These cities contained well-organized wastewater drainage systems, trash collection systems, and possibly even public granaries and baths. Although there were large walls and citadels, there is no evidence of monuments, palaces, or temples.

What are Indus Valley civilizations cities known for?

Indus Valley Civilization The Indus cities are noted for their urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, and clusters of large, non-residential buildings.

Which are the main towns of Indus Valley civilization?

The Harappan civilization was located in the Indus River valley. Its two large cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, were located in present-day Pakistan’s Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. Its extent reached as far south as the Gulf of Khambhat and as far east as the Yamuna (Jumna) River.

What is the main occupation of Indus Valley civilization?


Where is Mohenjo-Daro at present?

Mohenjo-daro is located west of the Indus River in Larkana District, Sindh, Pakistan, in a central position between the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River. It is situated on a Pleistocene ridge in the middle of the flood plain of the Indus River Valley, around 28 kilometres (17 mi) from the town of Larkana.

When was Mohenjo Daro found?

Archaeologists first visited Mohenjo Daro in 1911. Several excavations occurred in the 1920s through 1931. Small probes took place in the 1930s, and subsequent digs occurred in 1950 and 1964. The ancient city sits on elevated ground in the modern-day Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan.

What language did Mohenjo Daro speak?

Harappan language

Indus Valley, Mohenjo-Daro
Region Indus Valley
Extinct c. 1300 BC, or later
Language family unclassified

How does Mohenjo Daro destroyed?

Apparently the Indus civillization was likely destroyed by the Indo-European migrants from Iran, the Aryans. The cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were built of fire-baked bricks. Over the centuries the need for wood for brick-making denuded the country side and this may have contributed to the downfall.

Can I visit Mohenjo Daro?

ISLAMABAD: It may now be possible for Indian tourists and history aficionados to visit Mohenjo-Daro or holiday in the salubrious climes of Murree, visit the majestic Lahore Fort or tuck into sumptuous kebabs at Lahore’s Anarkali market.

How many skeletons Mohenjo Daro have?

37 skeletons

In what country is Harappa located now?

Harappa, village in eastern Punjab province, eastern Pakistan. It lies on the left bank of a now dry course of the Ravi River, west-southwest of the city of Sahiwal, about 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Lahore. Remains of the artisans’ quarter excavated at Harappa, in Pakistan.

How Harappa got its name?

Harappa (Punjabi pronunciation: [ɦəɽəppaː]; Urdu/Punjabi: ہڑپّہ) is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan, about 24 km (15 mi) west of Sahiwal. The site takes its name from a modern village located near the former course of the Ravi River which now runs 8 km (5.0 mi) to the north.

Which metal is used in Harappan civilization?

Variety of metals such as copper, gold, silver was extensively used by the Harappan metal workers. Minor metals like tin, arsenic, lead, antimony etc. were used for alloying. They had also perfected the intricate ciré perdue or lost wax technique of metal casting as early as the third millennium BCE.

Which metal is first used by Harappan?

Copper (Cu)