Is Mount Pelée a shield volcano?
Mount Pelee is a common stratovolcano, composted of many layers of lava flows and fragmented volcanic debris. This sent a pyroclastic flow down the slopes of the volcano, reaching and destroying the town of Saint-Pierre within a minute.
Is Mount Pelée active or dormant?
Current status. The volcano is currently active. A few volcano tectonic earthquakes occur on Martinique every year, and Mount Pelée is under continuous watch by geophysicists and volcanologists (IPGP).
How Mount Pelée was formed?
Mount Pelee was formed at an ocean-ocean convergent plate boundary. Where the oceanic crust of one plate converges with the oceanic crust of another, the more dense plate will subduct under the less dense plate. In this case, the North America Plate subducted under the Caribbean Plate (Lloyd, Edwards, 2006).
What kind of volcano is Mount Pelee volcano?
Type of Volcano. Mount Pelee is a Cinder-Cone volcano and has a single vent. Its lava chamber is filled with andsitic magma and is formed over 3 different Calderas.
When did Mount Pelee in Martinique erupt?
…occurred a violent eruption of Mount Pelée, a stratovolcano on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean Sea. …for the destructive eruption of Mount Pelée on the Caribbean island of Martinique in 1902.
How many people died in the eruption of Mt Pelee?
Mt. Pelee is famous for the May 8, 1902 eruption which killed 29,000 people and destroyed the city of St. Pierre. This is the largest number of casualities for a volcanic eruption this century. Photograph of Mt. Pelee by Heilprin, May 26, 1902.
How are features organized in Montagne Pelee?
Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided. Renowned Montagne Pelée forms the northern end of the island of Martinique.